Pills that help people lose weight and curb hunger pangs are often hailed as the holy grail for effortless fat burning that previously seemed unattainable. (Unsplash)
The weight loss industry is worth billions and one of the most popular approaches is through medications, advertised as a quick fix to losing weight and curbing cravings.
The pills and injections that help people lose weight and curb hunger pangs are often hailed as the holy grail for effortless fat burning that previously seemed unattainable.
A macro shot of the syringe with the needle. (Unsplash, Raghavendra Konkathi)
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However, all weight loss drugs have side effects.
Here are the latest diet drugs, how they work, and their side effects.
Semaglutide, marketed as Wegovy, is the latest drug approved by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) for routine use within the NHS. (Twitter)
Semaglutide, marketed as Wegovy, is the latest drug approved by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) for routine use within the NHS. It’s a once-a-week weight loss shot that keeps you from feeling hungry. Semaglutide is to be used in conjunction with a diet and exercise program for people living with higher body weight or obesity to improve their health.
It is not a lifestyle drug for already thin people who want to lose a few extra pounds.
Semaglutide contains a compound that mimics a hormone called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and helps the pancreas release the right amount of insulin when blood sugar levels are high. It also makes you feel full because it slows stomach emptying and suppresses your appetite.
The drug has helped people lose up to 15 percent of their body weight. However, in clinical trials, people have complained of side effects including constipation, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and diarrhea.
Studies show that people can gain weight back once they stop taking the drug.
A growing number of UAE residents are heading to health clinics, pharmacies and hospitals across the country trying to get their hands on diabetes injections like Saxenda and Ozempic to use the weight loss drugs. (Twitter)
Ozempic is another drug containing semaglutide. It is taken weekly by injection into the thigh, arm or stomach. It is similar to Wegovy and provides the drug Semaglutide in slightly lower doses but with similar weight loss side effects
Ozempic is recommended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prescribed to help manage blood glucose levels in people with the condition. It is not intended as a weight loss drug. It has become the worst kept weight loss secret in Hollywood as celebrities clamor to get their hands on the drug to drop a few dress sizes for the red carpet.
Al Arabiya English reported last month how Dubai doctors revealed interest in the drug peaked after TikTok videos and Instagram ads promoted the drug as a miracle cure for stubborn fat since residents have been warned that they can’t just walk into a pharmacy to get their hands on the drug.
Xenical is a brand name version of the generic drug Orlistat
Xenical is a brand name version of the generic drug Orlistat. It is indicated for the management of obesity, including weight loss and weight maintenance, when used in conjunction with a calorie-restricted diet. One tablet is taken with water before, during or up to one hour after each of the three daily meals. In studies, it has been shown to prevent the body from digesting up to a third of the dietary fat contained in food. Mellor explains that it works by inhibiting gastric and pancreatic lipase enzymes that break down fat in the digestive system.
By preventing these enzymes from working properly, some of the undigested fat is eliminated from the body in the stool. It is typically prescribed for 12 weeks, during which time you could expect to lose up to five percent of your body weight, three to seven kilograms in most cases.
Side effects from Xenical, however, are plentiful, according to The Times newspaper in the UK.
These drugs can cause oily diarrhea and flatulence. Other potential problems with use include headaches, anxiety and menstrual disturbances.
Because it can lower the levels of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K absorbed by the body, users are advised to take a multivitamin containing these nutrients, preferably at bedtime when the drug is not going to be used.
Alli, an over-the-counter Orlistat product, is another similar pill that promises to help people lose weight
Alli, an over-the-counter Orlistat product, is another similar pill that promises to help people lose weight by absorbing about 25 percent of their fat from food. However, common side effects include stomach pain and oily diarrhea, and it shouldn’t be taken for longer than six months at a time. Alli is recommended for use by individuals with a BMI of 28 or higher and a consultation with a pharmacist is necessary before taking it.
Another diet pill is Mysimba.
Another diet pill is Mysimba, which combines Naltrexone, an opiate antagonist, and Bupropion, an antidepressant. This combination is thought to affect the central nervous system pathways responsible for hunger and eating, but it can also produce unwanted side effects such as dizziness, nausea, and drowsiness. In clinical studies, Mysimba has been shown to produce an average weight loss of five kilograms in a year, but it also has a high probability of causing people to quit due to side effects.
The rosella plant
Freeze-dried rosella flowers in a petri dish. The plate is held in blue gloved hands. CREDIT: RMIT University
Scientists believe a supplement derived from a flower could be a miracle weight-loss ingredient that can break down fat cells without the side effects of other diet drugs, according to new research.
As reported by Al Arabiya English earlier this month, the highly edible red rosella plant, native to Africa, is packed with potent compounds Australian researchers say have anti-obesity properties and could lead to weight loss, according to a study published in the International Journal of Food Science and Technology.
Lab tests conducted by a team at RMIT University have suggested that it prevents the body from forming new fat cells. Scientists treated human stem cells with phenolic extracts and hydroxycitric acid before they turned into fat cells. The cells exposed to hydroxycitric acid showed no change in the fat content of the adipocytes. On the other hand, the cells treated with phenolic extracts had 95% less fat than the other cells.
Australian scientists believe that the antioxidants in the plant prevent the body from absorbing fat, making it pass as waste instead of stored.
To know more:
UAE Soaring Demand Of Ozempic Diabetes Injections For Weight Loss : Doctors
The new Ozempic? Scientists hail new miracle weight loss supplement
Wegovy Weight Loss Injection will soon be offered through the UK NHS
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